This tab shows an overview of the selected study/paper [more details]
Reference

TERT Promoter Mutations in Familial and Sporadic Melanoma.

Paper Id
COSP31078
Authors
Horn S,Figl A,Rachakonda PS,Fischer C,Sucker A,Gast A,Kadel S,Moll I,Nagore E,Hemminki K,Schadendorf D and Kumar R
Affiliation
Division of Molecular Genetic Epidemiology, German Cancer Research Center, Im Neuenheimer Feld 580, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.
Journal
Science (New York, N.Y.) 2013;339(6122):959-61
ISSN:1095-9203
PUBMED:23348503
Abstract
Cutaneous melanoma occurs in both familial and sporadic forms. We investigated a melanoma-prone family through linkage analysis and high-throughput sequencing and identified a disease-segregating germline mutation in the promoter of the telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) gene, which encodes the catalytic subunit of telomerase. The mutation creates a new binding motif for Ets transcription factors and ternary complex factors (TCFs) near the transcription start and, in reporter gene assays, caused up to twofold increase in transcription. We then screened the TERT promoter in sporadic melanoma and observed recurrent ultraviolet signature somatic mutations in 125 of 168 (74%) of human cell lines derived from metastatic melanomas, 45 of 53 corresponding metastatic tumor tissues (85%), and 25 of 77 (33%) primary melanomas. The majority of those mutations occurred at two positions in the TERT promoter and also generated binding motifs for Ets/TCF transcription factors.
Paper Status
Curated
Genes Analysed
1
Mutated Samples
150
Total No. of Samples
150
This tab shows genes with mutations in the selected study/paper [more details]
Genes Samples CDS Mutation AA Mutation
This tab shows genes without mutations in the selected study/paper [more details]
Non-Mutant Genes Gene Id (COSG)
This tab shows samples without mutations in the selected study/paper [more details]
Non-Mutant Samples Sample Id (COSS)
This tab shows mutated samples in the selected study/paper [more details]
Sample Name Mutation Count
This tab shows non coding variant in the selected study/paper [more details]
Sample ID Sample Name ID NCV Annotation Zygosity Chromosome Genome start Genome stop Genome version Strand WT seq Mut seq
This tab shows the copy number variation data for this study. Only variants (classified as gain or loss) are listed. [more details]
CNV Gene Sample Position Minor Allele Copy Number Average Ploidy

1. N/A represents cases where average ploidy value is not available( mostly ICGC samples). For some TCGA samples where minor allele information is not available the average ploidy value could not be calculated.

2. For TCGA samples, Ascat algorithm is used to calculate the average ploidy.

3. For CGP samples, Picnic algorithm is used to calculate the average ploidy.

Type
This tab shows a table of count of samples having gain or loss for all genes [more details]
Gene Gain Samples Loss Samples Samples Tested
This tab shows the fusion mutations observed in this sample [more details]
Gene Sample Name Id Sample(COSS) CDS Mutation Somatic status Zygosity Validated Type