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Reference

Whole-exome sequencing of neoplastic cysts of the pancreas reveals recurrent mutations in components of ubiquitin-dependent pathways.

Paper Id
COSP27683
Authors
Wu J,Jiao Y,Dal Molin M,Maitra A,de Wilde RF,Wood LD,Eshleman JR,Goggins MG,Wolfgang CL,Canto MI,Schulick RD,Edil BH,Choti MA,Adsay V,Klimstra DS,Offerhaus GJ,Klein AP,Kopelovich L,Carter H,Karchin R,Allen PJ,Schmidt CM,Naito Y,Diaz LA,Kinzler KW,Papadopoulos N,Hruban RH and Vogelstein B
Affiliation
Ludwig Center for Cancer Genetics and Howard Hughes Medical Institutions, Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center, Baltimore, MD 21231, USA.
Journal
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2011;108(52):21188-93
ISSN:1091-6490
PUBMED:22158988
Abstract
More than 2% of adults harbor a pancreatic cyst, a subset of which progresses to invasive lesions with lethal consequences. To assess the genomic landscapes of neoplastic cysts of the pancreas, we determined the exomic sequences of DNA from the neoplastic epithelium of eight surgically resected cysts of each of the major neoplastic cyst types: serous cystadenomas (SCAs), intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs), mucinous cystic neoplasms (MCNs), and solid pseudopapillary neoplasms (SPNs). SPNs are low-grade malignancies, and IPMNs and MCNs, but not SCAs, have the capacity to progress to cancer. We found that SCAs, IPMNs, MCNs, and SPNs contained 10 ± 4.6, 27 ± 12, 16 ± 7.6, and 2.9 ± 2.1 somatic mutations per tumor, respectively. Among the mutations identified, E3 ubiquitin ligase components were of particular note. Four of the eight SCAs contained mutations of the von Hippel-Lindau gene (VHL), a key component of the VHL ubiquitin ligase complex that has previously been associated with renal cell carcinomas, SCAs, and other neoplasms. Six of the eight IPMNs and three of the eight MCNs harbored mutations of RNF43, a gene coding for a protein with intrinsic E3 ubiquitin ligase activity that has not previously been found to be genetically altered in any human cancer. The preponderance of inactivating mutations in RNF43 unequivocally establish it as a suppressor of both IPMNs and MCNs. SPNs contained remarkably few genetic alterations but always contained mutations of CTNNB1, previously demonstrated to inhibit degradation of the encoded protein (β-catenin) by E3 ubiquitin ligases. These results highlight the essential role of ubiquitin ligases in these neoplasms and have important implications for the diagnosis and treatment of patients with cystic tumors.
Paper Status
Curated
Genes Analysed
430
Mutated Samples
41
Total No. of Samples
41
This tab shows genes with mutations in the selected study/paper [more details]
Genes Samples CDS Mutation AA Mutation
This tab shows genes without mutations in the selected study/paper [more details]
Non-Mutant Genes Gene Id (COSG)
This tab shows samples without mutations in the selected study/paper [more details]
Non-Mutant Samples Sample Id (COSS)
This tab shows mutated samples in the selected study/paper [more details]
Sample Name Mutation Count
This tab shows non coding variant in the selected study/paper [more details]
Sample ID Sample Name ID NCV Annotation Zygosity Chromosome Genome start Genome stop Genome version Strand WT seq Mut seq
This tab shows the copy number variation data for this study. Only variants (classified as gain or loss) are listed. [more details]
CNV Gene Sample Position Minor Allele Copy Number Average Ploidy

1. N/A represents cases where average ploidy value is not available( mostly ICGC samples). For some TCGA samples where minor allele information is not available the average ploidy value could not be calculated.

2. For TCGA samples, Ascat algorithm is used to calculate the average ploidy.

3. For CGP samples, Picnic algorithm is used to calculate the average ploidy.

Type
This tab shows a table of count of samples having gain or loss for all genes [more details]
Gene Gain Samples Loss Samples Samples Tested
This tab shows the fusion mutations observed in this sample [more details]
Gene Sample Name Id Sample(COSS) CDS Mutation Somatic status Zygosity Validated Type