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Reference

Key pathways are frequently mutated in high risk childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a report from the Childrens Oncology Group.

Paper Id
COSP26429
Authors
Zhang J,Mullighan CG,Harvey RC,Wu G,Chen X,Edmonson M,Buetow KH,Carroll WL,Chen IM,Devidas M,Gerhard DS,Loh ML,Reaman GH,Relling MV,Camitta BM,Bowman WP,Smith MA,Willman CL,Downing JR and Hunger SP
Affiliation
St Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN, USA.
Journal
Blood 2011;118(11):3080-7
ISSN:1528-0020
PUBMED:21680795
Abstract
We sequenced 120 candidate genes in 187 high-risk childhood B-precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemias, the largest pediatric cancer genome sequencing effort reported to date. Integrated analysis of 179 validated somatic sequence mutations with genome-wide copy number alterations and gene expression profiles revealed a high frequency of recurrent somatic alterations in key signaling pathways, including B-cell development/differentiation (68% of cases), the TP53/RB tumor suppressor pathway (54%), Ras signaling (50%), and Janus kinases (11%). Recurrent mutations were also found in ETV6 (6 cases), TBL1XR1 (3), CREBBP (3), MUC4 (2), ASMTL (2), and ADARB2 (2). The frequency of mutations within the 4 major pathways varied markedly across genetic subtypes. Among 23 leukemias expressing a BCR-ABL1-like gene expression profile, 96% had somatic alterations in B-cell development/differentiation, 57% in JAK, and 52% in both pathways, whereas only 9% had Ras pathway mutations. In contrast, 21 cases defined by a distinct gene expression profile coupled with focal ERG deletion rarely had B-cell development/differentiation or JAK kinase alterations but had a high frequency (62%) of Ras signaling pathway mutations. These data extend the range of genes that are recurrently mutated in high-risk childhood B-precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia and highlight important new therapeutic targets for selected patient subsets.
Paper Status
Curated
Genes Analysed
121
Mutated Samples
112
Total No. of Samples
187
This tab shows genes with mutations in the selected study/paper [more details]
Genes Samples CDS Mutation AA Mutation
This tab shows genes without mutations in the selected study/paper [more details]
Non-Mutant Genes Gene Id (COSG)
This tab shows samples without mutations in the selected study/paper [more details]
Non-Mutant Samples Sample Id (COSS)
This tab shows mutated samples in the selected study/paper [more details]
Sample Name Mutation Count
This tab shows non coding variant in the selected study/paper [more details]
Sample ID Sample Name ID NCV Annotation Zygosity Chromosome Genome start Genome stop Genome version Strand WT seq Mut seq
This tab shows the gene expression and copy number variation data for this study. [more details]

Table Information

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The table currently shows only high value (numeric) copy number data. Copy number segments are excluded if the total copy number and minor allele values are unknown.

Click here to include all copy number data. For more detailed information about copy number data and gain/loss definitions click here.

Sample Gene Expression Expr Level (Z-Score)

Over Expressed; Z-Score > 2.0

Under Expressed; Z-Score < -2.0

Normal; Z-Score within the range -2.0 to 2.0

CN Type Minor Allele Copy Number CN Segment Posn. Average Ploidy

1. N/A represents cases where the average ploidy value is not available( mostly ICGC samples). For some TCGA samples where the minor allele information is not available the average ploidy value could not be calculated.

2. For TCGA samples, the ASCAT algorithm was used to calculate the average ploidy.

3. For CGP samples, the PICNIC algorithm was used to calculate the average ploidy.

CNV
This tab shows a summary table with counts (number of samples) for CNV gain/loss and under/over expression for all genes. [more details]

The results shown in this table are derived from all copy number data. This includes non-numeric data with descriptive definitions of gain/loss.

  Copy Number Expression
Gene Gain Loss Tested Over Under Tested
This tab shows the fusion mutations observed in this sample [more details]
Gene Sample Name Id Sample(COSS) CDS Mutation Somatic status Zygosity Validated Type