GRCh38 · COSMIC v92


This section shows a general overview of information for the selected study (COSU identifier) or publication (COSP identifier). Studies may have been performed by the Sanger Institute Cancer Genome Project, or imported from the ICGC/TCGA. You can see more information on the help pages.

Crossing borders: A systematic review with quantitative analysis of genetic mutations of carcinomas of the biliary tract.
Paper ID
Roos E, Soer EC, Klompmaker S, Meijer LL, Besselink MG, Giovannetti E, Heger M, Kazemier G, Klümpen HJ, Takkenberg RB, Wilmink H, Würdinger T, Dijk F, van Gulik TM, Verheij J and van de Vijver MJ
Department of Surgery, Cancer Center Amsterdam, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Laboratory of Experimental Surgery, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
Critical reviews in oncology/hematology, 2019;140:8-16
ISSN: 1879-0461
PMID: 31158800 (view at PubMed or Europe PMC)
Biliary tract carcinoma (BTC) comprises gallbladder and intra-/extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (GBC, ICC, EHC), which are currently classified by anatomical origin. Better understanding of the mutational profile of BTCs might refine classification and improve treatment. We performed a systematic review of studies reporting on mutational profiling of BTC. We included articles reporting on whole-exome/whole-genome-sequencing (WES/WGS) and targeted sequencing (TS) of BTC, published between 2000-2017. Pooled mutation proportions were calculated, stratified by anatomical region and sequencing technique. A total of 25 studies with 1806 patients were included. Overall, TP53 was the most commonly mutated gene in BTC. GBC was associated with mutations in PFKFB3, PLXN2 and PGAP1. Mutations in IDH1, IDH2 and FGFR fusions almost exclusively occurred in ICC patients. Mutations in APC, GNAS and TGFBR2 occurred exclusively in EHC patients. In conclusion, subtypes of BTCs exhibit minor differences in mutational profile, which is likely influenced by the cell of origin.
Paper Status
Genes Analysed
Mutated Samples
Total No. of Samples

Mutation Matrix

This section shows the correlation plot between the top 20 genes and samples. There is more information in our help pages.


This table shows genes with mutations in the selected study/paper [more details]
Genes Mutated Samples
This table shows genes without mutations in the selected study/paper [more details]
Non-Mutant Genes Gene Id (COSG)


This tab shows genes with mutations in the selected study/paper [more details]

Genes Samples CDS Mutation AA Mutation

This tab shows non coding variant in the selected study/paper [more details]

Sample ID Sample Name ID NCV Annotation Zygosity Chromosome Genome start Genome stop Genome version Strand WT seq Mut seq FATHMM-MKL

This tab shows the gene expression and copy number variation data for this study [more details]

Table Information


The table currently shows only high value (numeric) copy number data. Copy number segments are excluded if the total copy number and minor allele values are unknown.

Click here to include all copy number data. For more detailed information about copy number data and gain/loss definitions click here.

Sample Gene Expression Expr Level (Z-Score)

Over Expressed; Z-Score > 2.0

Under Expressed; Z-Score < -2.0

Normal; Z-Score within the range -2.0 to 2.0

CN Type Minor Allele Copy Number CN Segment Posn. Average Ploidy

1. N/A represents cases where the average ploidy value is not available( mostly ICGC samples). For some TCGA samples where the minor allele information is not available the average ploidy value could not be calculated.

2. For TCGA samples, the ASCAT algorithm was used to calculate the average ploidy.

3. For CGP samples, the PICNIC algorithm was used to calculate the average ploidy.


This table lists the samples in the selected study which have low/high methylation for each gene. [more details]

No data

This tab shows the fusion mutations observed in this sample [more details]

Gene Sample Name Id Sample(COSS) CDS Mutation Somatic status Zygosity Validated Type


This table shows mutated samples in the selected study/paper.

Sample Name Mutation Count

This table shows samples without mutations in the selected study/paper.

Non-Mutant Samples Sample Id (COSS)