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- Solid pseudopapillary neoplasm (SPN) of the testis: Comprehensive mutational analysis of 6 testicular and 8 pancreatic SPNs.
- Paper ID
- Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine in Pilsen, Charles University, 323 00 Pilsen, Czech Republic. Electronic address: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Annals of diagnostic pathology, 2018;35:42-47
PMID: 29705715 (view at PubMed or Europe PMC)
- Background: Recently, we came with the theory of a possible relationship between a group of testicular and pancreatic tumors. We used one case of a pancreatic analogue solid pseudopapillary neoplasm of the testis composed partially of areas reminiscent of solid pseudopapillary neoplasm (SPN) of the pancreas and partially of structures identical to primary signet ring stromal tumor of the testis (PSRSTT) as a connecting link between these two entities. After demonstrating that PSRSTT and pancreatic analogue SPN of the testis share the same immunoprofile and genetic features characteristic for pancreatic SPN, we came to the conclusion that pancreatic analogue SPN of the testis and PSRSTT represent a morphological spectrum of a single entity and that both are related to the pancreatic SPN.Design: The aim of this study is to present a series of 6 cases of testicular tumors, which lacked the signet ring cell component and were thus morphologically very similar to the SPN of the pancreas. The goal of this study is to compare the genetic background of these testicular tumors that are obviously related to the PSRSTT/pancreatic analogue SPN of the testis with the series of 8 pancreatic SPN.Results: The mutational analysis revealed an oncogenic somatic mutation in the exon 3 of the CTNNB1 (β-catenin) gene in all analyzable (5/6) testicular and all pancreatic (8/8) tumors. The immunoprofile (positivity with β-catenin, CD10, vimentin, NSE, CD56, and negativity with inhibin, calretinin, chromogranin) was identical in all testicular and pancreatic tumors.Conclusion: This study expanded the morphological spectrum of the PSRSTT/pancreatic analogue SPN of the testis by adding 6 cases without the signet ring cell component. Considering the obvious analogy of PSRSTT/pancreatic analogue SPN of the testis/SPN of the testis and their relationship to the pancreatic SPN we propose the collective term "solid pseudopapillary neoplasm of the testis" for these tumors. The mutational profile of the SPN of the testis and pancreas was the same in both groups of tumors which we consider as a final proof that SPN of the testis is identical to the SPN of the pancreas.
- Paper Status
- Genes Analysed
- Mutated Samples
- Total No. of Samples