GRCh38 · COSMIC v92


This section shows a general overview of information for the selected study (COSU identifier) or publication (COSP identifier). Studies may have been performed by the Sanger Institute Cancer Genome Project, or imported from the ICGC/TCGA. You can see more information on the help pages.

Subependymal giant cell astrocytoma-like astrocytoma: a neoplasm with a distinct phenotype and frequent neurofibromatosis type-1-association.
Paper ID
Palsgrove DN, Brosnan-Cashman JA, Giannini C, Raghunathan A, Jentoft M, Bettegowda C, Gokden M, Lin D, Yuan M, Lin MT, Heaphy CM and Rodriguez FJ
Department of Pathology, Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center, Baltimore, MD, USA.
Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc, 2018
ISSN: 1530-0285
PMID: 29973652 (view at PubMed or Europe PMC)
Neurofibromatosis type-1 is a familial genetic syndrome associated with a predisposition to develop peripheral and central nervous system neoplasms. We have previously reported on a subset of gliomas developing in these patients with morphologic features resembling subependymal giant cell astrocytoma, but the molecular features of these tumors remain undefined. A total of 14 tumors were studied and all available slides were reviewed. Immunohistochemical stains and telomere-specific FISH were performed on all cases. In addition, next-generation sequencing was performed on 11 cases using a platform targeting 644 cancer-related genes. The average age at diagnosis was 28 years (range: 4-60, 9F/5M). All tumors involved the supratentorial compartment. Tumors were predominantly low grade (n = 12), with two high-grade tumors, and displayed consistent expression of glial markers. Next-generation sequencing demonstrated inactivating NF1 mutations in 10 (of 11) cases. Concurrent TSC2 and RPTOR mutations were present in two cases (1 sporadic and 1 neurofibromatosis type-1-associated). Interestingly, alternative lengthening of telomeres was present in 4 (of 14) (29%) cases. However, an ATRX mutation associated with aberrant nuclear ATRX expression was identified in only one (of four) cases with alternative lenghtening of telomeres. Gene variants in the DNA helicase RECQL4 (n = 2) and components of the Fanconi anemia complementation group (FANCD2, FANCF, FANCG) (n = 1) were identified in two alternative lenghtening of telomere-positive/ATRX-intact cases. Other variants involved genes related to NOTCH signaling, DNA maintenance/repair pathways, and epigenetic modulators. There were no mutations identified in DAXX, PTEN, PIK3C genes, TP53, H3F3A, HIST1H3B, or in canonical hotspots of IDH1, IDH2, or BRAF. A subset of subependymal giant cell astrocytoma-like astrocytomas are alternative lenghtening of telomere-positive and occur in the absence of ATRX alterations, thereby suggesting mutations in other DNA repair/maintenance genes may also facilitate alternative lenghtening of telomeres. These findings suggest that subependymal giant cell astrocytoma-like astrocytoma represents a biologically distinct group that merits further investigation.
Paper Status
Genes Analysed
Mutated Samples
Total No. of Samples

Mutation Matrix

This section shows the correlation plot between the top 20 genes and samples. There is more information in our help pages.


This table shows genes with mutations in the selected study/paper [more details]
Genes Mutated Samples
This table shows genes without mutations in the selected study/paper [more details]
Non-Mutant Genes Gene Id (COSG)


This tab shows genes with mutations in the selected study/paper [more details]

Genes Samples CDS Mutation AA Mutation

This tab shows non coding variant in the selected study/paper [more details]

Sample ID Sample Name ID NCV Annotation Zygosity Chromosome Genome start Genome stop Genome version Strand WT seq Mut seq FATHMM-MKL

This tab shows the gene expression and copy number variation data for this study [more details]

Table Information


The table currently shows only high value (numeric) copy number data. Copy number segments are excluded if the total copy number and minor allele values are unknown.

Click here to include all copy number data. For more detailed information about copy number data and gain/loss definitions click here.

Sample Gene Expression Expr Level (Z-Score)

Over Expressed; Z-Score > 2.0

Under Expressed; Z-Score < -2.0

Normal; Z-Score within the range -2.0 to 2.0

CN Type Minor Allele Copy Number CN Segment Posn. Average Ploidy

1. N/A represents cases where the average ploidy value is not available( mostly ICGC samples). For some TCGA samples where the minor allele information is not available the average ploidy value could not be calculated.

2. For TCGA samples, the ASCAT algorithm was used to calculate the average ploidy.

3. For CGP samples, the PICNIC algorithm was used to calculate the average ploidy.


This table lists the samples in the selected study which have low/high methylation for each gene. [more details]

No data

This tab shows the fusion mutations observed in this sample [more details]

Gene Sample Name Id Sample(COSS) CDS Mutation Somatic status Zygosity Validated Type


This table shows mutated samples in the selected study/paper.

Sample Name Mutation Count

This table shows samples without mutations in the selected study/paper.

Non-Mutant Samples Sample Id (COSS)