GRCh38 · COSMIC v92


This section shows a general overview of information for the selected study (COSU identifier) or publication (COSP identifier). Studies may have been performed by the Sanger Institute Cancer Genome Project, or imported from the ICGC/TCGA. You can see more information on the help pages.

Concurrent ARID1A and ARID1B inactivation in endometrial and ovarian dedifferentiated carcinomas.
Paper ID
Coatham M, Li X, Karnezis AN, Hoang LN, Tessier-Cloutier B, Meng B, Soslow RA, Blake Gilks C, Huntsman DG, Stewart CJ, Postovit LM, Köbel M and Lee CH
Department of Oncology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.
Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc, 2016;29(12):1586-1593
ISSN: 1530-0285
PMID: 27562491 (view at PubMed or Europe PMC)
Dedifferentiated carcinoma of the endometrium or the ovary is an aggressive epithelial malignancy that comprises an endometrioid carcinoma together with an undifferentiated carcinoma. We recently reported that inactivation of BRG1 or INI1, core subunits of the switch/sucrose non-fermenting (SWI/SNF) complex, was the likely molecular event underlying dedifferentiation in about half of dedifferentiated carcinomas. In this study, we performed a genomic screen that included other members of the SWI/SNF complex to better delineate the molecular basis in the remainder of these tumours. We identified concurrent inactivating mutations involving ARID1A and ARID1B in 12 of 24 BRG1/INI1-intact, 0 of 3 INI1-deficient and 0 of 16 BRG1-deficient dedifferentiated carcinomas. All ARID1A and ARID1B co-mutated tumours displayed loss of ARID1A expression in the undifferentiated component with 11 of 12 tumours also displaying absent staining in the endometrioid component. ARID1B expression was absent in the undifferentiated component in all 12 tumours, whereas the corresponding endometrioid component showed intact expression. Clinically, ARID1A/ARID1B co-inactivated tumours showed similar aggressive behaviour to BRG1 or INI1-inactivated tumours. Given that ARID1A and ARID1B are the only known DNA-binding subunits of the SWI/SNF-A complex, additional inactivation of ARID1B in an ARID1A-deficient background appears to represent an alternative mechanism of disruption of SWI/SNF-mediated transcriptional regulation, resulting in arrested cellular differentiation in endometrial and ovarian endometrioid cancer.
Paper Status
Genes Analysed
Mutated Samples
Total No. of Samples

Mutation Matrix

This section shows the correlation plot between the top 20 genes and samples. There is more information in our help pages.


This table shows genes with mutations in the selected study/paper [more details]
Genes Mutated Samples
This table shows genes without mutations in the selected study/paper [more details]
Non-Mutant Genes Gene Id (COSG)


This tab shows genes with mutations in the selected study/paper [more details]

Genes Samples CDS Mutation AA Mutation

This tab shows non coding variant in the selected study/paper [more details]

Sample ID Sample Name ID NCV Annotation Zygosity Chromosome Genome start Genome stop Genome version Strand WT seq Mut seq FATHMM-MKL

This tab shows the gene expression and copy number variation data for this study [more details]

Table Information


The table currently shows only high value (numeric) copy number data. Copy number segments are excluded if the total copy number and minor allele values are unknown.

Click here to include all copy number data. For more detailed information about copy number data and gain/loss definitions click here.

Sample Gene Expression Expr Level (Z-Score)

Over Expressed; Z-Score > 2.0

Under Expressed; Z-Score < -2.0

Normal; Z-Score within the range -2.0 to 2.0

CN Type Minor Allele Copy Number CN Segment Posn. Average Ploidy

1. N/A represents cases where the average ploidy value is not available( mostly ICGC samples). For some TCGA samples where the minor allele information is not available the average ploidy value could not be calculated.

2. For TCGA samples, the ASCAT algorithm was used to calculate the average ploidy.

3. For CGP samples, the PICNIC algorithm was used to calculate the average ploidy.


This table lists the samples in the selected study which have low/high methylation for each gene. [more details]

No data

This tab shows the fusion mutations observed in this sample [more details]

Gene Sample Name Id Sample(COSS) CDS Mutation Somatic status Zygosity Validated Type


This table shows mutated samples in the selected study/paper.

Sample Name Mutation Count

This table shows samples without mutations in the selected study/paper.

Non-Mutant Samples Sample Id (COSS)