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- Molecular alterations and clinical prognostic factors for cholangiocarcinoma in Thai population.
- Paper ID
- Research Center, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital.
OncoTargets and therapy, 2017;10:4955-4968
PMID: 29066915 (view at PubMed or Europe PMC)
- This study explores genomic alterations in cholangiocarcinoma (CCC) tissues in Thai patients. We identified and reviewed the records of patients who had been diagnosed with CCC and for whom sufficient tumor samples for DNA and RNA extraction were available in our database. The specimens were explored for EGFR, KRAS, BRAF, and PIK3CA mutations and ROS1 translocation in 81 samples. Immunohistochemistry staining for HER2, ALK, and Ki-67 expression was tested in 74 samples. Prevalence of EGFR, KRAS, and PIK3CA mutations in this study was 21%, 12%, and 16%, respectively. No BRAF V600 mutation or ROS1 translocation was found. Patients with T790M mutation had a significantly longer overall survival (18.84 months) than those with the other types of EGFR mutations (4.08 months; hazard ratio [HR]: 0.26, P=0.038) and also had a significantly lower median Ki-67 (22.5% vs 80%, P=0.025). Furthermore, patients with PIK3CA mutations had a significantly longer median progression-free survival (15.87 vs 7.01 months; HR: 0.46, P=0.043). Strongly positive HER2 expression was found in only 1 patient, whereas ALK expression was not found. The presence of EGFR and/or PIK3CA mutations implies that targeted drugs may provide a feasible CCC treatment in the future.
- Paper Status
- Genes Analysed
- Mutated Samples
- Total No. of Samples