GRCh38 · COSMIC v92


This section shows a general overview of information for the selected study (COSU identifier) or publication (COSP identifier). Studies may have been performed by the Sanger Institute Cancer Genome Project, or imported from the ICGC/TCGA. You can see more information on the help pages.

Colitic Cancer Develops Through Mutational Alteration Distinct from that in Sporadic Colorectal Cancer: A Comparative Analysis of Mutational Rates at Each Step.
Paper ID
Tanaka T, Kobunai T, Yamamoto Y, Emoto S, Murono K, Kaneko M, Sasaki K, Otani K, Nishikawa T, Kawai K, Hata K, Nozawa H and Watanabe T
Department of Surgical Oncology, the University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
Cancer genomics & proteomics, 2017;14(5):341-348
ISSN: 1790-6245
PMID: 28871001 (view at PubMed or Europe PMC)
Background: Patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) are at risk of UC-associated colorectal cancer (CRC); however, little is known about genetic alterations occurring during UC carcinogenesis. We examined mutational changes in patients with colitic cancer and the features that differed between the carcinogenesis of UC and sporadic CRC.Specimens were obtained from the non-neoplastic mucosa and cancer cells of 12 patients with colitic cancer. The mutational rate of oncogenes in colitic cancer was analyzed and compared to that of oncogenes in sporadic CRC.Results: We observed a lower mutation rate in adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) (16.7%(2/12) vs. 75.9%(161/212), respectively, p=0.0001) and KRAS (16.7%(2/12) vs. 42% (89/212), respectively, p=0.04) in colitic cancer than in sporadic CRC. With respect to cadherin 1 (CDH1) and fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2), the mutational rates for non-neoplastic colorectal mucosa were similar to those in sporadic CRC.Conclusion: We demonstrated that mutational rates for APC and KRAS differ between colitic cancer and sporadic CRC. Furthermore, we revealed that CDH1 and FGFR2 become mutated at an earlier stage in colitic carcinogenesis than in sporadic CRC.
Paper Status
Genes Analysed
Mutated Samples
Total No. of Samples

Mutation Matrix

This section shows the correlation plot between the top 20 genes and samples. There is more information in our help pages.


This table shows genes with mutations in the selected study/paper [more details]
Genes Mutated Samples
This table shows genes without mutations in the selected study/paper [more details]
Non-Mutant Genes Gene Id (COSG)


This tab shows genes with mutations in the selected study/paper [more details]

Genes Samples CDS Mutation AA Mutation

This tab shows non coding variant in the selected study/paper [more details]

Sample ID Sample Name ID NCV Annotation Zygosity Chromosome Genome start Genome stop Genome version Strand WT seq Mut seq FATHMM-MKL

This tab shows the gene expression and copy number variation data for this study [more details]

Table Information


The table currently shows only high value (numeric) copy number data. Copy number segments are excluded if the total copy number and minor allele values are unknown.

Click here to include all copy number data. For more detailed information about copy number data and gain/loss definitions click here.

Sample Gene Expression Expr Level (Z-Score)

Over Expressed; Z-Score > 2.0

Under Expressed; Z-Score < -2.0

Normal; Z-Score within the range -2.0 to 2.0

CN Type Minor Allele Copy Number CN Segment Posn. Average Ploidy

1. N/A represents cases where the average ploidy value is not available( mostly ICGC samples). For some TCGA samples where the minor allele information is not available the average ploidy value could not be calculated.

2. For TCGA samples, the ASCAT algorithm was used to calculate the average ploidy.

3. For CGP samples, the PICNIC algorithm was used to calculate the average ploidy.


This table lists the samples in the selected study which have low/high methylation for each gene. [more details]

No data

This tab shows the fusion mutations observed in this sample [more details]

Gene Sample Name Id Sample(COSS) CDS Mutation Somatic status Zygosity Validated Type


This table shows mutated samples in the selected study/paper.

Sample Name Mutation Count

This table shows samples without mutations in the selected study/paper.

Non-Mutant Samples Sample Id (COSS)