GRCh38 · COSMIC v92


This section shows a general overview of information for the selected study (COSU identifier) or publication (COSP identifier). Studies may have been performed by the Sanger Institute Cancer Genome Project, or imported from the ICGC/TCGA. You can see more information on the help pages.

Intra-individual genomic heterogeneity of high-grade serous carcinoma of ovary and clinical utility of ascitic cancer cells for mutation profiling.
Paper ID
Choi YJ, Rhee JK, Hur SY, Kim MS, Lee SH, Chung YJ, Kim TM and Lee SH
Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
The Journal of pathology, 2017;241(1):57-66
ISSN: 1096-9896
PMID: 27741368 (view at PubMed or Europe PMC)
Intraindividual tumoural heterogeneity (ITH) is a hallmark of solid tumours and impedes accurate genomic diagnosis and selection of proper therapy. The aim of this study was to identify ITH of ovarian high-grade serous carcinomas (OSCs) and to determine the utility of ascitic cancer cells as a resource for mutation profiling in spite of ITH. We performed whole-exome sequencing, copy number profiling and DNA methylation profiling of four OSC genomes by using multiregional biopsies from 13 intraovarian lesions, 12 extraovarian tumour lesions (omentum/peritoneum), and ascitic cells. We observed substantial levels of heterogeneity in mutations and copy number alterations (CNAs) of the OSCs. We categorized the mutations into 'common', 'shared' and 'private' according to the regional distribution. Six common, eight shared and 24 private mutations were observed in known cancer-related genes. Common mutations had a higher mutant allele frequency, and included TP53 mutations in all four OSCs. Region-specific chromosomal amplifications and deletions involving BRCA1, PIK3CA and RB1 were also identified. It is of note that the mutations detected in ascitic cancer cells represented 92.3-100% of overall somatic mutations in the given case. Phylogenetic analyses of ascitic genomes predicted a polyseeding origin of somatic mutations in ascitic cells. Our results demonstrate that, despite ITH, somatic mutations, CNAs and DNA methylations in both 'common' category and cancer-related genes were highly conserved in ascitic cells of OSCs, highlighting the clinical relevance of genome analysis of ascitic cells. Ascitic tumour cells may serve as a potential resource for discovering somatic mutations of primary OSC with diagnostic and therapeutic relevance. Copyright © 2016 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Paper Status
Genes Analysed
Mutated Samples
Total No. of Samples

Mutation Matrix

This section shows the correlation plot between the top 20 genes and samples. There is more information in our help pages.


This table shows genes with mutations in the selected study/paper [more details]
Genes Mutated Samples
This table shows genes without mutations in the selected study/paper [more details]

Table Information


This is a whole exome/systematic screen paper and the negatives for this paper should be inferred.


This tab shows genes with mutations in the selected study/paper [more details]

Genes Samples CDS Mutation AA Mutation

This tab shows non coding variant in the selected study/paper [more details]

Sample ID Sample Name ID NCV Annotation Zygosity Chromosome Genome start Genome stop Genome version Strand WT seq Mut seq FATHMM-MKL

This tab shows the gene expression and copy number variation data for this study [more details]

Table Information


The table currently shows only high value (numeric) copy number data. Copy number segments are excluded if the total copy number and minor allele values are unknown.

Click here to include all copy number data. For more detailed information about copy number data and gain/loss definitions click here.

Sample Gene Expression Expr Level (Z-Score)

Over Expressed; Z-Score > 2.0

Under Expressed; Z-Score < -2.0

Normal; Z-Score within the range -2.0 to 2.0

CN Type Minor Allele Copy Number CN Segment Posn. Average Ploidy

1. N/A represents cases where the average ploidy value is not available( mostly ICGC samples). For some TCGA samples where the minor allele information is not available the average ploidy value could not be calculated.

2. For TCGA samples, the ASCAT algorithm was used to calculate the average ploidy.

3. For CGP samples, the PICNIC algorithm was used to calculate the average ploidy.


This table lists the samples in the selected study which have low/high methylation for each gene. [more details]

No data

This tab shows the fusion mutations observed in this sample [more details]

Gene Sample Name Id Sample(COSS) CDS Mutation Somatic status Zygosity Validated Type


This table shows mutated samples in the selected study/paper.

Sample Name Mutation Count

This table shows samples without mutations in the selected study/paper.

Non-Mutant Samples Sample Id (COSS)