SBS91 · GRCh37 · COSMIC v96

Mutational profile

Genome: GRCh37

Genome: GRCh38

Genome: mm9

Genome: mm10

Genome: rn6

Mutational profile using the conventional 96 mutation type classification. This classification is based on the six substitution subtypes: C>A, C>G, C>T, T>A, T>C, and T>G, as well as the nucleotides immediately 5’ and 3’ to the mutation.

Each of the substitutions is referred to by the pyrimidine of the mutated Watson—Crick base pair. Incorporating information on the bases immediately 5’ and 3’ to each mutated base generates 96 possible mutation types (6 types of substitution x 4 types of 5’ base x 4 types of 3’ base). Mutational signatures are displayed and reported based on the observed trinucleotide frequency of the genome, i.e., representing the relative proportions of mutations generated by each signature based on the actual trinucleotide frequencies of the corresponding reference genome.

Proposed aetiology

Unknown.

Comments

Distinctive extended sequence context. Enrichment in ALU elements.

Acceptance criteria

Supporting evidence for mutational signature validity

Validated evidence for real signature
Unclear evidence for real signature
Evidence for artefact signature
Background Identification study First included in COSMIC
Robinson et al. 2021 Nature Genetics v3.2
Identification NGS technique Different variant callers Multiple sequencing centres
WGS No No
Technical validation Validated in orthogonal techniques Replicated in additional studies Extended context enrichment
Yes No Distinctive extended sequence context
Proposed aetiology Mutational process Support
Unknown Unknown
Experimental validation Experimental study Species
- -

Tissue distribution

SBS91 was identified in normal cells from the cerebral cortex and the oesophageal squamous epithelium.

Replication timing

Topography analysis could not be performed for replication timing as the number of mutations satisfying our constraints was insufficient or this signature was not yet analysed.

Nucleosome occupancy

Topography analysis could not be performed for nucleosome occupancy as the number of mutations satisfying our constraints was insufficient or this signature was not yet analysed.

CTCF occupancy

Topography analysis could not be performed for CTCF occupancy as the number of mutations satisfying our constraints was insufficient or this signature was not yet analysed.

Histone modifications

Topography analysis could not be performed for histone modifications as the number of mutations satisfying our constraints was insufficient or this signature was not yet analysed.

Transcriptional strand asymmetry

Topography analysis could not be performed for transcriptional strand asymmetry as the number of mutations satisfying our constraints was insufficient or this signature was not yet analysed.

Genic and intergenic regions

Topography analysis could not be performed for genic and intergenic region asymmetry as the number of mutations satisfying our constraints was insufficient or this signature was not yet analysed.

Replicational strand asymmetry

Topography analysis could not be performed for replicational strand asymmetry as the number of mutations satisfying our constraints was insufficient or this signature was not yet analysed.

Strand-coordinated mutagenesis

Topography analysis could not be performed for strand-coordinated mutagenesis as the number of satisfying our constraints was insufficient or this signature was not yet analysed.