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- Impact of Driver Mutations on the Evolution of Isolated Metachronous Lung Metastasis of Pancreatic Ductal adenocarcinoma.
- Paper ID
- Department of Gastroenterology and Digestive Oncology, CHU Angers, 4 rue Larrey, 49933, Angers Cedex 9, France.
Molecular diagnosis & therapy, 2020
PMID: 32524539 (view at PubMed or Europe PMC)
- Background: The incidence of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is increasing sharply. The survival of patients with metastases is usually about a year. However, the occurrence of isolated lung metastases after resection of the primary tumor, although rare, seems to indicate a better prognosis, with an average survival ranging from 40 to 80 months. KRAS, TP53, CDK2NA, and SMAD4 are the most common driver genes in pancreatic adenocarcinoma.Objective: Our objectives were to determine whether a link exists between survival and mutations of driver genes in patients with isolated pulmonary metastases.Methods: All patients who underwent curative surgery in our institution between 2010 and 2018 were included in the study. From these, we identified patients for whom recurrence was only pulmonary and those with metastases at other sites. KRAS, TP53, CDK2NA, and SMAD4 were analyzed on the primary tumor of patients with pulmonary metastases.Results: Among 233 patients diagnosed with PDAC in our institution over 8 years, 41 (17.5%) underwent curative surgery. Of these, seven (3%) developed isolated pulmonary metastases, 32 developed other metastases, and two did not recur. Median survival was 59 months for patients with isolated lung metastases and 25.3 months for patients with metastases at other sites. An absence of mutations of two driver genes in primary tumors (CDK2NA and SMAD4) was observed in patients with isolated pulmonary metastases.Conclusions: The absence of mutations in the CDK2NA and SMAD4 tumor-suppressor genes in patients with isolated pulmonary metastases contrasts with the commonly observed high rates of driver gene mutations and suggests a link with overall survival.
- Paper Status