This section shows a summary for the selected study (COSU identifier) or publication (COSP identifier). Studies may have been performed by the Sanger Institute Cancer Genome Project, or imported from the ICGC/TCGA. You can see more information on the help pages.
- Genetic landscape of extreme responders with anaplastic oligodendroglioma.
- Paper ID
- The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins, Baltimore, MD, USA.
PMID: 28388591 (view at PubMed or Europe PMC)
- Background: The NRG Oncology RTOG 9402 trial showed significant survival benefit in patients with 1p/19q co-deleted anaplastic oligodendrogliomas (AO) who received both radiation (RT) and chemotherapy (PCV regimen) versus RT alone. Substantial separation of the survival curves was only seen after 7.3 years. We aimed to determine whether there are specific genetic alterations that distinguish co-deleted AO patients who benefit from the addition of PCV from those who do not.Methods: We performed whole exome sequencing on matched tumor and normal DNA from all available short-term (STS) and long-term survivors (LTS) who received RT+PCV. hTERT status and rs55705857 genotypes (G-allele) were analyzed in both cohorts.Results: Six STS (survival of <7.3y) and 7 LTS (survival of ≥7.3y and no progression) had sufficient material for analysis. There was no significant difference between the groups regarding age, performance status and extent of resection. On average, STS had 7 and LTS 4 mutations. Most common mutations in STS vs. LTS were: IDH1 (67 vs. 86%), CIC (50 vs. 71%) and FUBP1 (17 vs. 71%). The hTERT promoter was mutated in 83% STS and 86% LTS. Genotyping of rs55705857 showed a higher prevalence of G allele carriers in LTS than STS (43 vs. 17%).Conclusions: These findings confirm that IDH, CIC, FUBP1 mutations and rs55705857 genotype are common in AO. No distinct genetic signature was identified to differentiate STS and LTS.
- Paper Status