GRCh38 · COSMIC v94


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Variation in genomic landscape of clear cell renal cell carcinoma across Europe.
Paper ID
Scelo G, Riazalhosseini Y, Greger L, Letourneau L, Gonzàlez-Porta M, Wozniak MB, Bourgey M, Harnden P, Egevad L, Jackson SM, Karimzadeh M, Arseneault M, Lepage P, How-Kit A, Daunay A, Renault V, Blanché H, Tubacher E, Sehmoun J, Viksna J, Celms E, Opmanis M, Zarins A, Vasudev NS, Seywright M, Abedi-Ardekani B, Carreira C, Selby PJ, Cartledge JJ, Byrnes G, Zavadil J, Su J, Holcatova I, Brisuda A, Zaridze D, Moukeria A, Foretova L, Navratilova M, Mates D, Jinga V, Artemov A, Nedoluzhko A, Mazur A, Rastorguev S, Boulygina E, Heath S, Gut M, Bihoreau MT, Lechner D, Foglio M, Gut IG, Skryabin K, Prokhortchouk E, Cambon-Thomsen A, Rung J, Bourque G, Brennan P, Tost J, Banks RE, Brazma A and Lathrop GM
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), 150 cours Albert Thomas, 69008 Lyon, France.
Nature communications, 2014;5:5135
ISSN: 2041-1723
PMID: 25351205 (view at PubMed or Europe PMC)
The incidence of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is increasing worldwide, and its prevalence is particularly high in some parts of Central Europe. Here we undertake whole-genome and transcriptome sequencing of clear cell RCC (ccRCC), the most common form of the disease, in patients from four different European countries with contrasting disease incidence to explore the underlying genomic architecture of RCC. Our findings support previous reports on frequent aberrations in the epigenetic machinery and PI3K/mTOR signalling, and uncover novel pathways and genes affected by recurrent mutations and abnormal transcriptome patterns including focal adhesion, components of extracellular matrix (ECM) and genes encoding FAT cadherins. Furthermore, a large majority of patients from Romania have an unexpected high frequency of A:T>T:A transversions, consistent with exposure to aristolochic acid (AA). These results show that the processes underlying ccRCC tumorigenesis may vary in different populations and suggest that AA may be an important ccRCC carcinogen in Romania, a finding with major public health implications.
Paper Status