This section shows a summary for the selected study (COSU identifier) or publication (COSP identifier). Studies may have been performed by the Sanger Institute Cancer Genome Project, or imported from the ICGC/TCGA. You can see more information on the help pages.
- Genomic Correlate of Exceptional Erlotinib Response in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma.
- Paper ID
- Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts2Cancer Program, Broad Institute of Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard University, Cambridge.
JAMA oncology, 2015;1(2):238-44
PMID: 26181029 (view at PubMed or Europe PMC)
- Importance: Randomized clinical trials demonstrate no benefit for epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors in unselected patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). However, a patient with stage IVA HNSCC received 13 days of neoadjuvant erlotinib and experienced a near-complete histologic response.Objective: To determine a mechanism of exceptional response to erlotinib therapy in HNSCC.Single patient with locally advanced HNSCC who received erlotinib monotherapy in a window-of-opportunity clinical trial (patients scheduled to undergo primary cancer surgery are treated briefly with an investigational agent). Whole-exome sequencing of pretreatment tumor and germline patient samples was performed at a quaternary care academic medical center, and a candidate somatic variant was experimentally investigated for mediating erlotinib response.Intervention: A brief course of erlotinib monotherapy followed by surgical resection.Identification of pretreatment tumor somatic alterations that may contribute to the exceptional response to erlotinib. Hypotheses were formulated regarding enhanced erlotinib response in preclinical models harboring the patient tumor somatic variant MAPK1 E322K following the identification of tumor somatic variants.Results: No EGFR alterations were observed in the pretreatment tumor DNA. Paradoxically, the tumor harbored an activating MAPK1 E322K mutation (allelic fraction 0.13), which predicts ERK activation and erlotinib resistance in EGFR-mutant lung cancer. The HNSCC cells with MAPK1 E322K exhibited enhanced EGFR phosphorylation and erlotinib sensitivity compared with wild-type MAPK1 cells.Selective erlotinib use in HNSCC may be informed by precision oncology approaches.
- Paper Status